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National Womens Hall Of Fame Essay Contest For Inn

To coincide with Women’s History Month, the National Women’s Hall of Fame announces its 2009 Inductees. Included in the group of ten outstanding American women are world-renowned artist Louise Bourgeois, biochemist Dr. Mildred Cohn, attorney and women’s rights activist Karen DeCrow, domestic violence advocate Susan Kelly-Dreiss, attorney and social justice activist Dr. Allie B. Latimer, ecologist and limnologist Dr. Ruth Patrick, and atmospheric scientist Dr. Susan Solomon. These women, along with three historic figures, will be inducted during a weekend of celebration to be held in Seneca Falls, New York on October 10-11, 2009. Seneca Falls was the location of the first women’s rights convention, held in 1848. The event began a 72-year struggle for women’s suffrage.

The 2009 Inductees are:

Louise Bourgeois (1911 – ) One of the world’s most preeminent artists, Louise Bourgeois’s career has spanned over seven decades. Best known for her work as a sculptor, Bourgeois uses a variety of materials including wood, metal, marble and latex to create works often reflective of her childhood experiences and life relationships. In 1982, Bourgeois became the first female artist to be given a retrospective at The Museum of Modern Art in New York, and in 1997 she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. Her varied and extensive body of work has been displayed in the collections of major museums worldwide.

Dr. Mildred Cohn (1913 – ) A groundbreaking scientist in several important areas of biological research, Dr. Mildred Cohn pioneered research that helped form the scientific understanding of mechanisms of enzymatic reactions and the methods of studying them. In 1946, she introduced the use of isotopic oxygen 18 to study metabolic processes and enzyme mechanisms. She later applied nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) to investigate metabolism and metabolic intermediates. Dr. Cohn has published more than 150 scientific papers and has received several awards for her work, including the National Medal of Science in 1982.

Karen DeCrow (1937 – ) A nationally recognized attorney, author and activist, Karen DeCrow is one of the most celebrated leaders of the women’s movement. From 1974-1977, she served as the National President of the National Organization for Women (NOW), where she was instrumental in obtaining significant legislative and legal gains and tirelessly advocated on behalf of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). Ms. DeCrow has written numerous books and articles and has lectured throughout the world on topics such as law, gender equality, and politics. In 1970, she served as National Coordinator of the Women’s Strike, and in 1988 she co-founded World Women Watch.

Susan Kelly-Dreiss (1942 – ) For over 30 years, Susan Kelly-Dreiss has worked to enact legal protections, implement innovative services and heighten public awareness on behalf of battered women and their children. In 1976, Ms. Kelly-Dreiss lobbied for passage of Pennsylvania’s first domestic violence law, and later that same year, she co-founded the nation’s first domestic violence coalition – the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence (PCADV). She was a founding member of the National Network to End Domestic Violence, and has played a key role in drafting federal legislation including the Federal Violence Prevention and Services Act and the Violence Against Women Act.

Dr. Allie B. Latimer (19xx – ) An attorney, civil rights activist and humanitarian, Dr. Allie B. Latimer was instrumental in organizing Federally Employed Women (FEW) in 1968, and served as the organization’s founding president until 1969. In 1977, as a federal attorney, Dr. Latimer was the first African American and first woman to serve as General Counsel of a major federal agency as well as the first woman to attain the GS-18 salary level at the General Services Administration. She was also recognized as part of the “second wave of feminist pioneers” by the Veteran Feminists of America (VFA).

Emma Lazarus (1849 – 1887) “Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” These famous words from The New Colossus, were written by Emma Lazarus, one of the first successful Jewish American authors. Originally created in 1883, the sonnet was later engraved in bronze and placed at the base of the Statue of Liberty. Throughout her lifetime, Lazarus authored and published numerous poems, essays, letters, short stories and translations. She was an important forerunner of the Zionist movement, having argued for the creation of a Jewish homeland thirteen years before the term Zionist was even coined.

Dr. Ruth Patrick (1907 – ) A pioneer in the field of limnology – the scientific study of the life and phenomena of fresh water, especially lakes and ponds – Dr. Ruth Patrick pioneered techniques for studying the biodiversity of freshwater ecosystems and provided methods needed to monitor water pollution and understand its effects. Dr. Patrick is credited, along with Rachel Carson, as being largely responsible for ushering in the current worldwide concerns with ecology. She was the first female elected chair of the board of the Academy of Natural Sciences and received the National Medal of Science in 1996.

Rebecca Talbot Perkins (1866 – 1956) In 1927, a time when very few agencies existed to promote adoption, Rebecca Talbot Perkins joined with the Alliance of Women’s Clubs of Brooklyn to create The Rebecca Talbot Perkins Adoption Society. Later known as Talbot Perkins Children’s Services, the organization provided foster care and adoption services to countless families across the country for 75 years. Throughout her lifetime, Perkins was active in various charitable and civic causes as a member of the Brooklyn Women’s Suffrage Society, Chair of the Alliance of Women’s Clubs of Brooklyn, Vice President of the Memorial Hospital for Women and Children, and Director of the Welcome Home for Girls.

Dr. Susan Solomon (1956 – ) An internationally recognized leader in the field of atmospheric science, Dr. Susan Solomon pioneered the theory explaining how and why the ozone hole occurs in Antarctica, and obtained some of the first chemical measurements that established man-made chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) as its cause. Dr. Solomon is the recipient of numerous awards, including the 1999 National Medal of Science and the Asahi Foundation of Japan’s Blue Planet Prize in 2004. From 2002-2008, Dr. Solomon served as the co-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Albert Gore, Jr. in 2007. Dr. Solomon’s current research as a senior scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration focuses on climate change, ozone depletion and the links between the two.

Katherine Stoneman (1841 – 1925) Katherine “Kate” Stoneman was the first woman admitted to practice law in New York State. In 1885, she became the first female to pass the New York State Bar Exam, but her 1886 application to join the bar was rejected because of her gender. Stoneman immediately launched a lobbying campaign to amend the Code of Civil Procedure to permit the admission of qualified applicants without regard to sex or race, and was successfully admitted to the bar later the same month. In 1898, she became the first female graduate of Albany Law School, and was the first woman to receive a bachelor’s degree from any department of Union University.

These ten women will join the 226 already inducted into the Hall, the first national membership organization recognizing and celebrating the accomplishments of great American women.

For more information on the Hall of Fame or its activities, call (315)568-8060 or visit their website, www.greatwomen.org.

This entry was posted in History and tagged Gender History, National Women's Hall of Fame, Seneca County, Seneca Falls, Suffrage Movement on by Editorial Staff.

Celebrate Women’s History Month and International Women’s Day (March 8)

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March Highlights in US Women’s History

  • March 1, 1978 – Women’s History Week is first observed in Sonoma County, California
  • March 1, 1987 – Congress passes a resolution designating March as Women’s History Month
  • March 2, 1903 – the Martha Washington Hotel opens in New York City, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women
  • March 3, 1913 – Women’s Suffrage Parade in Washington, DC, where over 8000 women gathered to demand a constitutional amendment guaranteeing the right to vote
  • March 4, 1917 – Jeannette Rankin (R-MT) took her seat as the first female member of Congress
  • March 4, 1933 – Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet
  • March 8 – International Women’s Day, whose origins trace back to protests in the U.S. and Europe to honor and fight for the political rights for working women
  • March 8, 2014 – National Catholic Sisters Week www.nationalcatholicsistersweek.org established to raise awareness of the contributions of Catholic sisters
  • March 11, 1993 – Janet Reno is confirmed as the first woman U.S. Attorney General
  • March 12, 1912 – Juliette Gordon Low assembled 18 girls together in Savannah, Georgia, for the first-ever Girl Scout meeting
  • March 13, 1986 – Susan Butcher won the first of 3 straight and 4 total Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Races in Alaska
  • March 17, 1910 – Camp Fire Girls is established as the first interracial, non-sectarian American organization for girls
  • March 17, 1917 – Loretta Perfectus Walsh became the first woman to join the navy and the first woman to officially join the military in a role other than a nurse
  • March 20, 1852 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published and becomes the best-selling book of the 19th century
  • March 21, 1986 – Debi Thomas becomes first African American woman to win the World Figure Skating Championship
  • March 23, 1917 – Virginia Woolf establishes the Hogarth Press with her husband, Leonard Woolf
  • March 31, 1888 – The National Council of Women of the U.S. is organized by Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Julia Ward Howe, and Sojourner Truth, among others, the oldest non-sectarian women’s organization in the U.S.
  • March 31, 1776 – Abigail Adams writes to her husband John who is helping to frame the Declaration of Independence and cautions, “Remember the ladies…”

March Birthdays

  • March 1, 1918 (1988) – Gladys Spellman, served in Congress (D-MD) from 1975 to 1981, first woman elected president of the National Association of Counties (1972)
  • March 1, 1945 (1997) – Nancy Woodhull, editor of USA Today (1975-90), promoted women for leadership positions in public and private sectors with the motto, “Do something to help another woman every day,” founded “Women, Men and Media,” a research and outreach project with Betty Friedan in 1988
  • March 2, 1860 (1961) – Susanna M. Salter, mayor of Argonia, Kansas, becoming the first woman elected as mayor and the first woman elected to any political office in the United States (1887)
  • March 2, 1880 (1929) – Gillette Hayden, pioneering dentist and periodontist in the early 20th century, founded the American Academy of Periodontology and served as its president (1916)
  • March 2, 1887 (1981) – Elizabeth Morrissey, public school and college educator, concentrated on labor issues including unemployment insurance in American Trade Unions, pressed women’s groups to get involved in social issues
  • March 2, 1888 (1956) – Anna Clemenc, founded and served as president of the local Women’s Auxiliary No. 15 of the Western Federation of Miners, was an active participant in the Copper Country Strike of 1913–1914, and an inducted member of the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame (1996)
  • March 3, 1893 (1992) – Hanya Holm, pioneer in modern dance, migrated to United States from Germany in 1931 after a budding career as professional pianist, taught dancing in many states, choreographed ballet and dances for movies including Metropolitan Daily (1938), the first to be televised in this country, also choreographed for touring companies, movies and operas
  • March 3, 1893 (1998) – Beatrice Wood, artist and studio potter involved in the Avant Garde movement in the United States, referred to as the “Mama of Dada”
  • March 3, 1902 (1988) – Isabel Bishop, artist, after sampling various styles settled on young, generally lower-middle class office workers as subjects, focus of a retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art (1975), honored with the Outstanding Achievement in the Arts Award by President Carter (1979)
  • March 3, 1913 (1972) – Margaret Bonds, composer and pianist, one of the first black composers and performers to gain recognition in the United States, best remembered today for her frequent collaborations with Langston Hughes
  • March 3, 1943 (1995) – Myra Sadker, studied and researched sex roles in children’s literature, wrote texts to challenge sexism in education of girls because it short-changed their ambitions, co-authored “Sexism in School and Society” (1973)
  • March 3, 1962 – Jackie Joyner-Kersee, considered one of the world’s greatest female athletes, holds the record in the long jump (1988) and the heptathlon (1986), won 3 gold, 1 silver, and 2 bronze medals in 4 Olympic games
  • March 4, 1895 (1970) – Margaret D. Foster, chemist, the first female chemist to work for the United States Geological Survey, worked on the Manhattan Project, Chemistry and Physics Section
  • March 4, 1899 (1993) – Elizabeth Wood, taught English at Vassar (1922-26), became involved in public social welfare in FDR’s Public Works Administration where her 1934 plans to create housing that included play areas and racial diversity were undercut when residents were not involved in the planning
  • March 4, 1948 (2005) – Jean O’Leary, lesbian and gay rights activist, founder of Lesbian Feminist Liberation, one of the first lesbian activist groups in the women’s movement, was an early member and co-director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, co-founded National Coming Out Day
  • March 5, 1854 (1915) – Mary Garrett, suffragist and philanthropist, founded the Bryn Mawr School for Girls which was focused on scholastic achievement (1885), donated funds to Bryn Mawr College, funded the establishment of Johns Hopkins Medical School with the provision they accept women students on the same standing as men (1893)
  • March 5, 1885 (1959) – Louise Pearce, one of the foremost pathologists of the early 20th century, found a cure for trypanosomiasis in 1919, researched African sleeping sickness, awarded the Order of the Crown of Belgium
  • March 5, 1931 (1997) – Geraldyn (Jerrie) Cobb, record-setting aviator, first woman to pass qualifying exams for astronaut training (1959) but not allowed to train because of her gender
  • March 6, 1924 (2006) – Sarah Caldwell, founder, conductor, and artistic director of the Opera Company of Boston
  • March 7, 1938 – Janet Guthrie, pioneering woman auto racer, first woman to compete in Indianapolis 500 and Daytona 500, both in 1977
  • March 7, 1940 (1993) – Hannah Wilke, graduated from Tyler School of Art at Temple University in 1962, focused on works that celebrated female sexual pleasures, documented the ravages of treatment of an aggressive illness while dying of cancer
  • March 8, 1894 (1976) – Dorothy Ainsworth, believed that sports are healthy and develop the values, skills, and character required in a democratic society, chaired the U.S. Joint Council on International Affairs in Health, Physical Education and Recreation (1950-57)
  • March 8, 1915 (1981) – Selma Fraiberg, pursued groundbreaking studies of infant psychiatry and normal child development, directed the Child Development Project at Wayne State University (1952-58), wrote The Magic Years (1959), a classic translated into 10 languages
  • March 8, 1945 – Lilia Ann Abron, entrepreneur and chemical engineer, the first African American woman to earn a PhD in chemical engineering (1972)
  • March 8, 1951 – Monica Helms, transgender activist, author, and veteran of the United States Navy, creator of the Transgender Pride Flag
  • March 9, 1910 (1996) – Sue Lee was a labor organizer in San Francisco and led the 15-week strike against National Dollar Stores garment factory for better wages and working conditions, her story is featured in Unbound Voices: A Documentary History of Chinese Women in San Francisco
  • March 9, 1928 (1987) – Graciela Olivárez, Chicana activist, first woman and Latina graduate from Notre Dame Law School, one of first two women on the board of Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund  
  • March 10, 1898 (1988) – Josephine Groves Holloway, organization executive, college registrar, social worker, founded the first unofficial Girl Scout troop for African American girls (1924), worked for two decades to have her troops recognized by the Nashville Girl Scout Council in 1942
  • March 10, 1903 (1987) – Clare Booth Luce, playwright and politician, wrote The Women (1936), a scathing portrayal of rich society women, member of Congress (R-CT) (1942-46), criticized international aid and opposed Communism, ambassador to Italy (1953-56), the highest diplomatic post held by a woman
  • March 11, 1903 (1989) – Dorothy Schiff, first female newspaper publisher in New York (tabloid New York Post), supported FDR, credited with Nelson Rockefeller’s victory as New York Governor, sold the Post for estimated $30 million to Rupert Murdock in 1976 who soon turned it into aggressive conservatism
  • March 11, 1904 (1984) – Hilde Bruch, escaped from Nazi Germany in 1933 to England and then America, her pioneer work made her the leading expert in eating disorders, especially anorexia nervosa
  • March 11, 1921 (1987) – Charlotte Friend, as a microbiologist in the 1950s at Sloan-Kettering Institute discovered a link between defective maturation and tumor growth in mice, discoveries that were critical in establishing the role of viruses in some cancers
  • March 12, 1907 (2007) – Dorrit Hoffleit, senior research astronomer at Yale University, known for her work in variable stars, astrometry, spectroscopy, meteors, and the Bright Star Catalog, as well as her mentorship of many young women and generations of astronomers
  • March 12, 1918 (1989) – Elaine DeKooning, artist and art critic, her portraits and other art work have gained proper acclaim after being overshadowed by her husband William
  • March 12, 1929 – Lupe Anguiano, Mexican-American civil rights activist known for her work on women’s rights, the rights of the poor, and the protection of the environment, served in the California Department of Health, Education and Welfare (1965), worked with Cesar Chavez, national organizer for the United Farm Workers and founded the National Women’s Employment & Education Inc., founding member of the National Women’s Political Caucus
  • March 13, 1892 (1978) – Janet Flanner, journalist, wrote a weekly letter for the New Yorker from France under the name “Genet” (Frenchified “Janet”) for 50 years except for the Nazi occupation, was made a knight of the Legion of House (1948)
  • March 13, 1898 (1988) – La Meri, one of the world’s greatest ethnological dancers from 1924 to the 1970s, danced with Anna Pavlova, learned native dances all over the world, lectured, wrote, founded the Ethnologic Dance Theater
  • March 13, 1944 – Susan Gerbi, biochemisthelped devise a method to map the start site of DNA replication, researched the role of hormones in certain cancers
  • March 14, 1833 (1910) – Lucy Hobbs Taylor, first American woman to graduate from dental school (Ohio College of Dental Surgery in 1866)
  • March 14, 1887 (1962) – Sylvia Beach, American-born bookseller and publisher who lived most of her life in Paris, where she was one of the leading expatriate figures between World War I and II, known for her Paris bookstore, Shakespeare and Company
  • March 14, 1902 (1994) – Margaret Hickey, president of the National Federation of Business and Professional Women (1944-46), represented the BPW at the United Nations Conference in San Francisco (1945), chaired the Women’s Advisory Committee (1942) and served on and/or chaired many government groups which never had policy making opportunity
  • March 14, 1921 (2013) – Ada Louise Huxtable, architecture critic and writer on architecture, was awarded the first ever Pulitzer Prize for Criticism (1970)
  • March 15, 1825 (1900) – Harriet E. Wilson, one of the first female African-American novelist, her novel Our Nig, or Sketches from the Life of a Free Black was published anonymously in 1859 in Boston, and was not widely known until it was discovered in 1982 by the scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
  • March 15, 1896 (1989) – Marion Cuthbert, helped found the National Association of College Women to fight discrimination in higher education (1932), wrote pathbreaking dissertation, “Education and Marginality: A Study of the Negro Woman College Graduate” (1942), secretary of the National Board of YWCA and member of NAACP and numerous peace and human rights boards
  • March 15, 1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, second female U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1993)
  • March 16, 1846 (1922) – Rebecca Cole, physician, organization founder and social reformer, the second African-American woman to become a doctor in the United States (1867)
  • March 16, 1900 (1985) – Eveline Burns, economist, technical expert, migrated from England in 1926, helped design social security, served on National Resources Planning Board (1939-43), wrote “The American Social Security System” (1949), the standard text in this field
  • March 17, 1849 (1934) – Cornelia Clapp, zoologist and academic specializing in marine biology, taught at Mt. Holyoke where she developed a highly effective technique for college instruction, and helped organize the school’s zoology department, worked with the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole from its inception
  • March 17, 1896 (1982) – Helen Lynd, studied life in Muncie, Indiana, for 18 months from 1924-25 with husband Robert, their book “Middletown” was an instant best seller as it traced the decline of community spirit as the town faced industrial growth, taught at Sarah Lawrence College for almost 40 years
  • March 17, 1902 (1995) – Alice Greenough, carried mail at age 15, joined a Wild West show, became a professional rodeo rider in 1921 and earned about $12,000 yearly, toured Australia and Spain as well as the U.S.
  • March 18, 1964 – Bonnie Blair, speed skater, one of the most successful Winter Olympians in U.S. history, 5 time gold medalist
  • March 19, 1875 (1957) – Margaret Foley, labor organizer, suffragist, and social worker, she was an out-spoken suffrage activist who would loudly confront anti-suffrage speakers, made a solo balloon flight over Lawrence, Massachusetts, tossing suffrage literature from the basket (1910)
  • March 20, 1920 (1997) – Pamela Harriman, devoted herself to Democratic Party politics and fund raising after death of husband Averell, first woman to be named Ambassador to France (1993) where she used her social skills to be a facilitator and build good relationships with the media and local power structure
  • March 20, 1925 (2018) – Romana Acosta Bañuelos, the thirty-fourth Treasurer of the United States, where she served from 1971 to 1974 as the first Hispanic in that role, owner of a multimillion-dollar business, Ramona’s Mexican Food Products, Inc.
  • March 21, 1897 (1977) – Martha Foley, created magazine Story in 1932 with her husband Whit Burnett, edited the annual The Best American Short Stories (1941-77) including entries by Eudora Welty, Joyce Carol Oates, and John Updike
  • March 22, 1899 (1991) – Ruth Page, began ballet in 1919, first American to be accepted into the Ballets Russes, first masterpiece as choreographer was Frankie and Johnny (1938), combined opera and ballet in a school for young dancers
  • March 23, 1857 (1915) – Fannie Farmer, author of famous cookbook, The Boston Cooking-School Cookbook, which for the first time included specific ingredient measurements that would become standardized cooking practice
  • March 23, 1884 (1966) – Florence Ellinwood Allen, the first woman to serve on a state supreme court and one of the first two women to serve as a United States federal judge
  • March 23, 1897 (1984) – Margaret Farrar, joined the New York World in 1921 with responsibility to get the crossword puzzle mistake-free, also edited Simon & Schuster puzzle books for 60 years, became crossword editor for the New York Times in February 1942
  • March 23, 1905 (1977) – Joan Crawford, legendary actress, rose to star status in 1928 by dancing the Charleston in Our Dancing Daughters, 50 years later her last movie was What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?
  • March 23, 1908 (1997) – Dominique De Menil, collector of modern art, medieval art and tribal artifacts, escaped Paris with her children and settled in Houston around 1942, strong supporter of civil rights, created Carter-Menil Human Rights Foundation with former President Jimmy Carter
  • March 23, 1924 (1980) – Bette Nesmith Graham, invented Liquid Paper correction fluid which became an office staple, created two foundations to support women’s businesses and art
  • March 24, 1826 (1898) – Matilda Joslyn Gage, suffragist, women’s rights and Native American rights activist, historian, founding member of the National Woman Suffrage Association
  • March 24, 1897 (1986) – Linda Chase, principal dancer, danced in American Ballet Theatre roles of Sleeping Beauty and Giselle (1937-38), performed with Anthony Tutor and Agnes De Mille, joined Ballet Theater in 1940 which became the American Ballet Theatre
  • March 24, 1912 (2012) – Dorothy Height, served over 40 years as President of the National Council of Negro Women
  • March 24, 1935 – Carol Kaye, one of the most prolific and widely heard bass guitarists, playing on an estimated 10,000 recordings in a career spanning over 50 years
  • March 25, 1934 – Gloria Steinem, women’s rights activist and journalist, founding editor of Ms. Magazine, helped found National Women’s Political Caucus, the Women’s Action Alliance, and the Coalition of Labor Union Women
  • March 25, 1939 (1995) – Toni Cade Bambara, challenged masculinist assumptions in black radical discourse of the Sixties, wrote short fiction Gorilla, My Love (1972) which won the Black Rose Award, The Salt Eaters (1981) won the Langston Hughes Society Award
  • March 25, 1949 – Lillian E. Fishburne, the first African-American female to hold the rank of Rear Admiral (RDML) in the United States Navy (1998)
  • March 26, 1926 (1997) – Virginia (Toni) Carabillo, supported activism in behalf of women’s issues, active in National Organization for Women (1968-87), co-authored the Feminist Chronicles 1953-1993
  • March 26, 1930 – Sandra Day O’Connor, first woman U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1981)
  • March 26, 1940 – Nancy Pelosi, first woman Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (2007-09), Democratic California representative from 1987 to present
  • March 27, 1897 (1981) – Effa Manley, co-owner and manager with husband Abe of the Negro League baseball team the Brooklyn Eagles (1935-46), supported integration with the NAACP, worked hard to get Negro League players included in the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • March 27, 1924 (1990) – Sarah Vaughan, world renown jazz singer and pianist known as the “Divine One”
  • March 27, 1950 – Julia Alvarez, Dominican-American poet, novelist, and essayist, her first novel How the García Girls Lost Their Accents (1991) was highly acclaimed for its portrayal of the  integration of Latina immigrants into the U.S. mainstream
  • March 28, 1886 (1982) – Clara Lemlich, Jewish immigrant from the Ukraine, labor activist, suffragist, and consumer advocate, a leader of the Uprising of 20,000, a labor strike of shirtwaist workers in New York’s garment industry in 1909
  • March 29, 1885 (1977) – Frances Bolton, created endowment to build a school of nursing at Western Reserve in 1933 after working with the Visiting Nurse Association and seeing the homes of the desperately poor, helped remove color lines in nursing, as Ohio Congresswoman worked for racial equality and equal pay, but not the ERA
  • March 29, 1918 (1990) – Pearl Bailey, jazz and blues singer, won amateur contests in Harlem and Philadelphia when she was 22, sang with Cab Calloway (1945), starred in movies, goodwill ambassador for United Nations (1979)
  • March 29, 1928 (1992) – Joan Kelly, set up a Master of Arts Program in Women’s History at Sarah Lawrence with Gerda Lerner, advanced feminist scholarship by calling for a “doubled vision” to resolve conflicts inherent in the desire for female inclusion under male dominance
  • March 30, 1855 (1937) – Charlotte Johnson Baker, the first woman physician to practice medicine in San Diego, California, practiced obstetrics and gynecology at St. Joseph’s Hospital
  • March 31, 1889 (1975) – Muriel Wright, Choctaw Indian, teacher, historian, author, and editor

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