When writing an introduction, remember that the purpose of the introduction is to inform the responder of the contents of the composition. This means that the points you include will need to be discussed in the body of your work. Never include a point in your introduction that is not discussed in the body of your work. Try to outline as briefly as possible your answer to the question, outline the topics that you will cover and introduce your thesis.
In Australia it is important that you do not start with a dictionary definition. This seems to be the norm in some parts of the world but is generally not used in Australia. The reason for this is that teachers are looking for your definition, rather than a definitive one - your opinion is what is important.
Taking the sample question on To Kill a Mockingbird, in the introduction, we need to incorporate the answer to the question, the three topics and the thesis. We do not need to go into detail about any of the topics. The introduction tells the marker what is to follow in the body of the exposition. Let's look at an example. Look for where the points are outlined.
|The themes are expressed through the narrator, Scout, and the changes she undergoes as she grows older.|
When writing a conclusion it is important that the question is revisted. View the conclusion as the ultimate summing up of your ideas. Answer the question and, having explained it in more detail thr ough the body of the composition, express the meaning of your thesis. Be sure that all the important points are covered. Answer the question, including the evaluation of how important Atticus is to the impact of the themes. Restate the link between Atticus and the themes and how the composer has linked Atticus and the themes. Explain your thesis. Consider the following example.
Atticus Finch, as the father of the main character and narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird, has a crucially important impact on the themes of the novel. Scout's understanding and perceptions of the world broaden and become more complex as she is guided through a morally difficult time by Atticus. His courage, integrity and empathy stand as examples for how to live and behave through the narrator's eyes. The presentation of Atticus as an open and respectful parent opens up his personality to responders and the contrast between his ideals and the ideals of others in Maycomb emphasise his thematic importance, the importance of a moral education, the uncertain boundaries between good and evil and the injustices of social inequality.
How to Write a Great Essay Conclusion
In fact, each part of the essay should relate to the thesis statement, but let’s not discuss the thesis statement here. A great conclusion needs a great essay, but an essay can’t be great without a great conclusion. As the arguments are presented, references should be made to the thesis statement. If the essay is written in this way, then you can make the summing arguments in the conclusion very smoothly.
Let’s see how this works. Let’s say you are writing a literary essay on “To Kill A Mockingbird.” Your thesis is that a unifying theme of the novel is “coming of age.” You might present evidence documenting Scout’s emerging maturity: she begins to see the town in a different light after the trial; she learns about life from her father; she learns the truth about Boo Radley. In each paragraph, as you present and reference this evidence, you will make reference to the thesis. You might write: “Another way Scout’s growing maturity is shown is when…” In the next paragraph you present other evidence and again make reference to the thesis, but use somewhat different words. “Scout’s outlook changes when she realizes…” This way you keep presenting evidence and also tie it back to the thesis statement.
When you have presented all your evidence you are ready for your conclusion. Making reference to the thesis topic all the way through the essay prepares the reader for your conclusion. Now you want to sum up that evidence. Do not present new evidence in your conclusion. Anything you cite in your conclusion was previously presented and explained. Therefore you will not need page references for text evidence. If you are citing outside sources or paraphrasing outside sources, they will need to be attributed. Using the “To Kill A Mockingbird” example, your great conclusion might read like this:
Changes that Scout goes through indicate a growing maturity. Not only does she age three years in the course of the novel, but her point of view changes. She sees how Calpurnia and the other black people have real lives separate from her own. She sees how the town’s prejudice against black people corrupts the trial of Tom Robinson. She learns that innocent people can be wrongfully harmed through no fault of their own. All of these changes are ones that indicate a maturing point of view as Scout comes of age in the novel “To Kill A Mockingbird.”
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