• Home   /  
  • Archive by category "1"

German Revolution 1918 Essay Typer

Was there really a revolution in Germany in 1918? Discuss

  • :: 1 Works Cited
  • Length: 624 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - More ↓
A revolution is a complete overthrow of an established government or political system, which means that the events occurring in Germany in 1918 didn’t constitute a revolution. Groups changed in and out of power, but in the end it was always one group ruling over the people, just as the Kaiser had. The Social Democrats, a right-wing political group, eventually took his place, using the Freikorps to control people. The Spartacists wanted a revolution exactly like that in Russia in the previous year, but they were never allowed the chance to come into great power. And so the governmental and social system remained fairly similar to that of the Kaiser’s rule.

The general public of Germany had never had any say in political matters; they allowed the Kaiser to make all the decisions regarding themselves and their once-prosperous country. The groups controlling Germany began to change during October and November 1918. More power began to fall into the hands of the people as they realised the blame for their involvement in the war was the Kaiser’s. People such as the armed soldiers, sailors and workers started protesting and going on strike. This was a far cry from before the war, when Germany was wealthy, proud and ambitious. So for a brief period, it seemed that a revolution would take place, with the people of Germany wanting a social and political revolution.

The Social Democrats were the leading party during and after the fight to remove the Kaiser from his powerful position. They were greatly influenced by the Elite, the rich Germans they thought essential to the prosperity of Germany. They recruited armed forces, the Freikorps, to aid them in controlling those opposing their ideas and policies. The Social Democrats often associated themselves with the Bolsheviks, one half of the Social Democrats that leaded the Russian Revolution the year before. But when it came down to it, the Social Democrats weren’t in favour of a change in government, and they believed “getting rid of the Kaiser was the end of the revolution” (Lacey and Shephard, 2002, p.13). The fact that there was a revolution wasn’t true, because no groups had actually wielded great power over the rest of Germany, and they hadn’t established any kind of government system. The Kaiser’s abdication, initiated by the Social Democrats, should have started a change, but instead it just made way for their party to gain control.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Was there really a revolution in Germany in 1918? Discuss." 123HelpMe.com. 11 Mar 2018

LengthColor Rating 
Reasons for the Problems of The Weimar Republic in 1918 - 1923 Essay - Reasons for the Problems of The Weimar Republic in 1918 - 1923 There were a number of reasons for the problems that the new Republic had to face. It was a completely new government which had to be established. They had to survive the defeat of the war and the lack of confidence Germans had thus acquired -mainly over the political system. There was an eminent amount of political resistance to the new Republic, from right-wing nationalists, and on the opposite end of the scale, left-wing communists - both of these groups using violence in attempting to challenge the new Regime which they opposed greatly....   [tags: Papers]1473 words
(4.2 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
The Velvet Revolution Essay - The Velvet Revolution The Velvet Revolution is not about delicious red velvet cake but instead sweet freedom of a new government. Even better than a new government it was short and sweet as well. The Velvet Revolution took place in Czechoslovakia from November 17,1989 and ended December 29, 1989. Czechoslovakia was located in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the north.When I choose this revolution I was intrigued by the name of it....   [tags: Freedom, Government, Czechoslovakia]
:: 5 Works Cited
1337 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Conventional and Nazi Antisemitism Essay - Some may think that there is not a difference between the antisemitism that occurred between 1817 and 1914 and Nazi antisemitism. However, there are distinctions that make them separate, and there are a few things they share. Conventional antisemitism occurred as a way to control the Jews and manipulate their lives. Nazi antisemitism on the other hand, was mostly violent behavior directed toward Jews to eliminate the population. Conventional and Nazi antisemitism were different mainly because the Nazis brutally murdered Jews to exterminate an entire population, and conventional antisemitism was mostly an idea of hatred and a desire for Jews to immigrate....   [tags: France, Germany, Austria]1453 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays[preview]
The Establishment of Revolutionary Changes in Germany After World War One - The Establishment of Revolutionary Changes in Germany After World War One In 1918 people in Germany were shattered by the unexpected defeat of the First World War. As the war ended the German emperor, the Kaiser, abdicated and early in 1919 Germanys politicians drew up what has often been described as the most democratic constitution in the world. The revolutionary changes after the war were vast. The importance of the First World War in shaping Germany's historical development is large; A German victory in 1918 would have certainly defused the crisis and in doing so retarded the process of political reform for a generation or more....   [tags: Papers]716 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Essay about The Defeat of Germany by November 1918 - The Defeat of Germany by November 1918 There was great initial enthusiasm in Germany, Layton suggest that Germany had the best of the four years of fighting. After all Germany still occupied large parts of enemy territory, such as the Ruhr. Yet it was found to accept an armistice on allied terms in 1918 outlined by the treaty of Versailles. This essay intends to examine why this was the case. I feel there are a number of reasons why Germany lost the First World War by November 1918....   [tags: Papers]737 words
(2.1 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Why Germany lost the War in 1918 Essay - Why Germany lost the War in 1918 After four years of monotonous stalemate the war was finally over. In October the German Chancellor appealed to the USA and by 11th November the armistice was signed in a railway carriage in the French forest of CompiAgne. An end to the war, which had cost so many lives, was the only option for a crumbling Germany. This defeat was inevitable from the outset of 1918 for a number of reasons. They can be split into three categories; the first being the strikes, rebellions and general chaos within a tired, hungry Germany, the second are the gains, losses and mistakes of Germanys military force and the third being the arrival of the...   [tags: Papers]1456 words
(4.2 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Essay on Germany's Loss in the First World War in 1918 - Germany's Loss in the First World War in 1918 There was great shock in Germany when they surrendered in 1918 and many of the soldiers who thought that Germany should not give in went on to join Hitler in his attempt to regain their national dignity. Germany had not suffered a major defeat in battle nor been overran, the government simply decided to finish the war due to the strains it was putting on their economy. While there were those who thought Germany should not surrender, there were a number of reasons for this decision, such as morale, economic and technological factors....   [tags: Papers]1431 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Essay on The Problems Germany Faced from 1918 to 1923 - The Problems Germany Faced from 1918 to 1923 The Weimar Republic was a democratic government that ran Germany when the Kaiser abdicated in November 1918. However running the country in the turbulent post war times was far from plain sailing, they had to deal with threats from left wing and right wing factions, the burden of the Versailles treaty and hyperinflation. Weimar survived these crises - but why was it able to. By the end of 1923 the worst was over for them. They had overcome all of these different areas of disaster, and having survived such turbulence as they had, it looked as though the Weimar democracy had a chance of taking root....   [tags: Papers]1693 words
(4.8 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Germany's Change From a Semi-Absolutist Monarchy in 1918 to a Parliamentary Republic in 1919 - Germany's Change From a Semi-Absolutist Monarchy in 1918 to a Parliamentary Republic in 1919 In the period of 1918 to 1919, Germany overcame a dramatic change. There were a number of reasons for this change. Initially the defeat of Germany in World War One brought Germany close to an economic and potential collapse. This led to the revolutions from below and above, and ultimately to a new constitution. As a result of the defeat, the Kaiser abdicated on 9th November 1918, and no longer ruled over Germany....   [tags: Papers]459 words
(1.3 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Germany Essay - None of the European power wanted World War I, but they feared Germany. Germany was newly unified, and was beating the European powers in population and Industry. France wanted to recover the Alsace-Lorraine. Britain was a country used to being on the ocean, so they felt threatened by Germany’s colonial expansion and William II’s insisting on a large navy. Russia and Austria feared pressure on their unstable empires. In 1894, russia made an alliance with France, and Great Britain settled it’s differences with France in the Entente Cordiale in 1904 forming the Triple Entente....   [tags: essays research papers]1000 words
(2.9 pages)
Good Essays[preview]

Related Searches

Germany         Revolution         Democrats         Social System         Armed Forces         Political System         Fight         Wing         Ruling        

The Spartacus League, led by Rosa Luxemburg, internationally reputed “Red Rosa” (Lacey and Shephard, 2002, p.13), was the only opposing threat to the control of Germany. The Spartacists were left-wing revolutionaries, and were dedicated to bringing about the kind of change the Russia had undergone. Tried as they did, the power they held over their followers didn’t succeed that of the Social Democrats, and so their ideas of a socialist government didn’t eventuate. Had they been given the chance, there could have been a proper revolution in Germany. To the Spartacus League and other left-wing revolutionaries the end to the war was a stepping-stone, allowing them to institute their own form of government and finish the revolution created by the Kaiser’s abdication. Nothing was able to come from their efforts, as the Social Democrats were too strong, and their system of government remained.

Germany underwent some political and social changes in 1918. The people temporarily gained power, the Kaiser was removed from his dominant position, which lead the way for groups such as the Spartacists and the Social Democrats to battle for control of Germany. Once all the commotion had settled, it remained clear that Germany was stuck in a rut, as there was still one powerful group running the country.

Lacey and Shephard (2002) , Germany 1918-1945, John Murray Publishers, London

German Revolution Essay

The revolution that occurred in Germany in 1918-1919 was not really a revolution-at least not in the traditional sense of the French Revolution of 1789 and the Russian Revolution of 1917, or even the German Revolution of 1848. Perhaps, by calling it the "German Revolution," we imply that things are conceived and done differently in Germany. Perhaps, that is true. Her political traditions were somewhat different from those of France and Russia.

The conditions which gave birth to revolution in November 1918 were unlike those of 1789 in France, and although somewhat similar to those in Russia in 1917, they were still not quite the same. Neither in France nor Russia did revolution come as a complete surprise even to purported revolutionaries. But it did in Germany. There was no sustained revolutionary agitation and strategy preceding it and when it came even the Social Democrats were completely overwhelmed by events.

I. Background

The war was lost, the emperor fled: a war-weary and hungry country became rebellious. So, the government turned to the Social Democrats in desperation. They were asked, nat to make a revolution-they were reformist by nature anyway-but to liquidate the crumbling edifice of the empire. The Socialists wound up doing things they did nat really want to do-they crushed their Spartacist cousins by force, preserved bourgeois society and re-created the army in the process. There were no stirring revolutionary manifestoes, no radical breaks in policy, no marching songs like the "Marseillaise" or the "Internationale."

It was the first songless revolution in history. Very few socialists, except the leftwing Independents like Emil Barth, Richard Müller and Georg Ledebour, claimed credit for making the revolution. The Majority Socialists had always believed that revolutions were not made in any case, but just happened in the course of socio-economic evolution.

The German Revolution certainly did not follow the pattern of the Leninist revolution just a year before. In fact, it could more meaningfully be compared to the French situation in 1871. In both instances there was a military defeat, complete political and moral bankruptcy of the dynasty, absence of any popular enthusiasm for the republic, a conservative majority confronting a radical minority and, finally, the emergence of republican institutions by default. In both cases middle-class leaders and Socialists agreed on the republic as the only road to survival for both of them. But the Third Republic in France lasted much longer because there was a long revolutionary tradition in France, but none at all in Germany. Germany's problem was not the absence of a Lenin or Trotsky, but rather the absence of a Gambetta, Clemenceau, Zola or Jaures, who could have instilled the...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Why the Communists Failed to Seize Power in 1918

1092 words - 4 pages Why the Communists Failed to Seize Power in 1918 The failure of the communists to seize power originates from the First World War. Initially, all parties, including the Left, supported Germany going to war. As the war prolonged however and Germany was running short of essential supplies such as food as a result of the blockade by the allies. More Germans started questioning the rational of continuing with the war. The...

The Break Out of the Revolution in Germany in 1848

1390 words - 6 pages The Break Out of the Revolution in Germany in 1848 There were a numerous external and internal factors behind the 1848 revolutions in Germany. Externally, changes in the international climate and political upheaval in Austria provided German nationalists with an avenue of opportunity to cease power. Internally, the growth of German nationalism and liberalism coupled with the acute financial and food crisis of 1847...

Can the phrase "Incomplete revolution" be usefully applied to the events of November 1918 in Germany?

2049 words - 8 pages The German Revolution - Incomplete?November and December 1918 in Germany was a time of political turmoil as the masses took to the streets during the chaotic break up of war. Germany went from being a dictatorial Kaiser-Reich to a...

How can it be explained that Nazism made real, if partial, inroads into wider German Society?

2222 words - 9 pages How can it be explained that Nazism made real, if partial, inroads into wider German Society?It cannot be doubted that Nazi Germany was the most destructive political regime of the 20th century, not only because it unleashed World War II or instigated the holocaust but because of its...

German Unification

1210 words - 5 pages Assess the success of German Unification under Otto von Bismarck.German Unification under Otto von Bismarck was a means of distracting and deflecting growing German calls for reform in the structure of society and politics. Bismarck's unification of Germany created a state that was politically backward and...

German Immigration To The United States And Their Contribution To This Country

1755 words - 7 pages In the United States of North America ethnic groups are easily found everywhere. As a result, the American culture is a combination of many other cultures such as Irish, Latin, African, British, etc. However, one of the most significant of these is the German culture. German influence over this country is so strong that it goes through science, to architecture, to music, to sports and entertainment. Germans left their homeland for several...

Motivation Behind the Unification of Germany in 1871

1120 words - 4 pages As with the motivations behind the unification of most modern nations, the unification of Germany in 1871 can be attributed to many varied causes, of which the following three must be said to be among the most important. The populist forces of nationalism and liberalism, the military conquests of Prussia and its territories and lastly the economic,...

How and why did the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the US entry in World War

1222 words - 5 pages The start of World War ²T was the reiterate of the imperial era, back in the middle of19th century. The European power was decolonizing and the whole objective of this war was to gain more land. Most of the countries were not satisfied with their land. However this war was thought to be a short war but because of various circumstances, it took the war 4years to finally finish. Also, the number of soldiers that was sent to war was 60...

The Unification of Germany

1365 words - 5 pages The Unification of Germany           In 1871 the thirty-eight states of what was once the Holy Roman Empire, re-united to become what was known in the early twentieth century as simply, The German Empire, united under the rule of the German Emperor, or Kaiser. There are many factors which led to the unification of the German states; liberalism, nationalism, Otto Von Bismarck, fear of ‘another Napoleon’, the Prussian King William I, and the...

Napoleon Bonaparte DBQ

609 words - 2 pages The ideals of the French Revolution were "Equality, Liberty, and Fraternity," but the methods that were used to fulfill these goals were complicated. During the Reign of Terror, about 40,000 people were guillotined because of Maximilien Robespierre. He thought that “Liberty could not be secured unless criminals lose their heads”. Napoleon Bonaparte, a Revolutionary hero, seized control of the government in France in 1799, he was looking to...

The American Revolution: A Global War by R. Ernest Dupuy, Gay Hammerman, and Grace P. Hayes

930 words - 4 pages The American Revolution: A Global War is a work evaluating the political events and diplomatic history beginning in 1754 with the Seven Years' War/French and Indian War and continuing through the American Revolution and concluding with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The authors informally take the position that many Americans believe that the American Revolution was an "entirely American conflict" in which the French gave tacit military support...

One thought on “German Revolution 1918 Essay Typer

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *