Child labor has been an international concern because it damages, spoils and destroys the future of children. The problem of child labor is a serious matter not only in India but also in other developing countries. It is great social problem. Children are the hope and future of a nation. Yet, there are millions deprived children in our country who have never known a normal, carefree childhood.
The law in Indian soil says that any child below age of 14 cannot be employed either in a factory or office or restaurant. In fact, India’s international business has been severely affected in many cases because child labors, violating human rights, have been used in some stage or the other in manufacturing, packaging a transport of those items. And, in a large number of cases of export of ready-made garments, prawn and several other items from India has been rejected on grounds of child labor being used.
Truly speaking child labor is frequently utilized in India in various places of production and service e.g., small scale industry, restaurant service, domestic aid, shopkeeper’s assistant, stone breaking, book binding, in fact in every house-hold industry.
Causes of Child Labor
Now what is the background of engaging child labor,
- To have or increase the income of a poor family
- To reduce the labor cost in a production organization
- Misc. reasons for engaging as domestic aid as the children are less doubtful about dishonesty or less liable to misbehave or be violent.
In a developed society where every citizen counts and all citizens have to have proper education, health care supports, games and entertainment and complete his education so that when he is a fully grown adult he can get a full employment with standard salary.
Solutions to Child Labor
The solution to the problem of Child Labor are:
- The Child labor laws need to be strictly enforced by the Government.
- The general public need to be made aware of the severe consequences of Child labor.
- An increase in employment opportunity for adults would help in overcoming the problem of poverty and child labor.
- Government should ensure that every child gets the opportunity to go to school.
- The owners of factories and mines should take the pledge of not engaging child in their place of business.
If the boy or girl takes up a small job as a domestic help or restaurant boy against a nominal salary of Rs. 750-1800 per month, he does not get enough time time for primary and secondary education and is most likely to remain completely illiterate, unskilled, perhaps with a weak health and will have to remain unemployed or be engaged as an unskilled labor when he is grown up. Hence in his own benefit and interest no child should be engaged as labor both from legal point of view as well as the child’s future interest.
Also read:Social Issues in India (causes, effects and solutions)
Category: National Issues of India
You should spend 40 minutes on this task.
Child Labour is a major concern all over the world.
What are the causes of it?
How can the problem be solved?
Write at least 250 words.
Child labor has been an international concern as it damages, destroys and spoils the present and the future of not only the child but of a country. A child is the hope of a nation and yet when millions of them are deprived of a carefree childhood, it directly impacts the growth of the country. Although, child labor is common in most of the parts of the world, it is more often faced in the developing and underdeveloped sections.
There are several reasons for forcing a child into work. Firstly, it increases the family income. A family which is finding it difficult to make its need meet, is more likely to send their child to work then to school. Secondly, a child labour is more likely to work at lower wages, which is exactly more factories are likely to hire them. Even more, a child is less likely to indulge in dishonesty and is less liable to misbehave or be violent, which is what makes them perfect for domestic aid.
Although, it might seem that the issue of child labour can never be solved, there are several way in which we can surely fight the issue. Firstly, the government needs to make sure that the laws made are strictly adhered. Even more, the general public should be made aware of the severe consequences of child labor. Secondly, an increase in employment opportunity for adults would help in overcoming the issue of poverty which is more likely to reduce the number of children being forced into labor work.
Overall, it is not only the responsibility of government to ensure that number of child labours are reduced. But every educated person of a country to ensure that the children of the country get a bright future, a future that every child deserves to have. (301 Words)